It is very important for every student of prophecy, in fact, it is absolutely necessary for their understanding, to see the distinction the Bible makes between “The House of Israel” and “The House of Judah”.

by F. F. Bosworth

Today there is much teaching on the subject of prophecy, and it is important that there should be. It is very important for every student of prophecy, in fact, it is absolutely necessary for their understanding, to see the distinction the Bible makes between the Judahites and the other Tribes of Israel. Until this distinction between the two Houses, Israel and Judah, as that distinction is taught in the Scriptures, is clearly understood, a great portion of the Bible will remain a closed book. This clear distinction between the two Houses is never lost sight of in the Bible, and until it is understood, it is impossible to follow the truth of Scripture on this subject, or to understand the Bible story of Israel.

Many people today suppose that where Israel is mentioned in the Bible, it means the Jews. We read articles and hear sermons today in which the writers and speakers refer to “Abraham, the Jew.” Isaac and Jacob are often called Jews, the most absurd and impossible thing as we shall see from the Scriptures. It is a common thing today to hear ministers and writers use such phrases as the following:

“The Jews in Egypt”
“The Exodus of the Jews”
“The Jews at Mt. Sinai”
“When the Jews entered Canaan”
“12 Tribes of the Jews”
“Abraham, the Jew”

Thousands of Christians use the terms “Israel,” and “Jew,” “The House of Israel,” “The House of Judah,” employing these and similar words and phrases as if they always referred to the same people. They do not know that according to Biblical history, there were no “Jews” known as such until about 15 centuries after Abraham was born, and until 600 years after the death of Moses.

Abraham had eight sons. One son was Ishmael whose mother was Hagar. One son was Isaac, whose mother was Sarah. After Sarah’s death, Abraham married Keturah, and she bore unto him six sons. Abraham, being a Hebrew, or descendant of Heber, his descendants would of course be Hebrews, and their descendants would also be Hebrews, but their descendants are not Jews. If they are, then Ishmael would have been a Jew, and that would have made the Arabs Jews. The descendants of Keturah’s six sons became the Brahmins of India. It would be foolish to declare that they are Jews, although as the descendants of Abraham, they are of the stock of Heber, and therefore Hebrews. The same reasoning applies to Isaac. Isaac was a Hebrew, the son of Abraham. Now Isaac had two sons, Esau and Jacob. If Isaac was a Jew, then both Esau and Jacob would be Jews. This would make the descendants of Esau also Jews, but the descendants of Esau became the Edomites, later the Turks; also the Pharoahs of the oppression were of the Esau line, but none of these people are Jews.

To call Abraham a Jew would make him a descendant of Isaac’s yet-to-be-born grandson Judah. The Tribe of Judah had no existence on earth during the time of Abraham and Isaac. If Isaac was a Jew, then surely his twin sons, Jacob and Esau would be Jews. We all know that Esau, Jacob’s twin brother, became the progenitor of the Turks, as they are known today. If Jacob was a Jew, how could it be that his twin brother would not be, since they were both born of the same father and mother?

Descendants Do Not Name Their Ancestors

Jacob, one of these twin brothers, had 12 sons which came from four different mothers. None of these 12 sons were Jews. One of his 12 sons was Judah, but in the sense in which we use the word “Jew” today, the term cannot be applied to Judah, for “he was not a Jew,” because of the fact that they whom we call Jews today have certain characteristics and are racially a type that came into existence hundreds of years after Israel left Egypt. This racial type or remnant we know as the Jews is only a small portion of the descendants of Judah, who was merely one of the 12 sons of Jacob. And there are no Jews among any of the descendants of Jacob’s other 11 sons. Now Judah had three sons. The descendants of one son, Zarah, peopled the shores of the Mediterranean, leaving Egypt before the exodus of the children of Israel. Pharez, the twin brother of Zarah, became the progenitor of the tribe of Judah. The tribe of Judah descending from Pharez was divided by the Lord into two Houses – the “House of David” and the “House of Judah”.

Abraham was the father of Isaac; Isaac was the father of Jacob; Jacob, who was renamed “Israel,” became the father of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphthali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph and Benjamin. The 12 sons each became the head of a Tribe called after his own personal name. From Judah, the fourth son of Jacob, are descended the Jews; the word “Jew” being simply an abbreviation of the name “Judah.” A glance at the genealogy will show that it is impossible for Abraham, or Isaac, or Jacob, to have been Jews. Only the descendants of Judah – those coming after him, could be called by his name – not his ancestors. No one had ever been named “Judah” until more than 200 years after Abraham was named. Suppose your parents gave you the name of Charles. That does not name your ancestors, who lived two hundred years before you, Charles. And naming Jacob’s fourth son Judah would not make Abraham, his great grandfather, a Jew.

Israel and Judah Separate Nations

The 12 Tribes of Israel became two nations, with widely different destinies, until the time when they will be united in the coming age (Ezek. 37:22). The distinction or separation between Judah and Israel was foreshadowed at an early date. We read in Psalm 114:1, 2 “When Israel went out of Egypt… Judah was His sanctuary and Israel His dominion.” In Samuel’s day, the two Houses, Judah and Israel, were numbered separately. In I Samuel 11:8 we read “And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousands and the men of Judah thirty thousand.” Notice that even at this early date, Israel numbered ten times more than Judah. The Numerical contrast today is very much greater. The Bible tells us that the Jews would be “few in number,” but it tells us that Israel would be as the sands of the sea for multitudes (Hosea 1:10). The Scriptures tell us that David reigned seven years over Judah before he was made King over Israel. If Judah and Israel are the same, how could David be king for seven years over Judah before he was made King over Israel? Until the year 975 B.C. the descendants of Jacob formed one nation. But they are spoken of as “the two families which the Lord hath chosen” (Jer. 33:24).

In the year 975 B.C. at the death of King Solomon, the nation was divided into two nations. In I Samuel 18:16 the expression “All Israel” is used, when Judah is excluded. I will quote you this passage: “But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.” In II Chronicles 10:12-14 we are told that when Solomon died, and his son Rehoboam came to the throne, the ten tribes rebelled, and under Jereboam, formed the NORTHERN NATION; while Judah, along with Benjamin and certain Levites, formed the SOUTHERN NATION.

The NORTHERN NATION, which consisted of the Ten Tribes, was known under the following national titles: Israel, Ephraim, Isaac, Samaria, The House of Israel, The House of Judah and The Ten Tribes.

THE DIVISION WAS OF GOD

The SOUTHERN NATION, which consisted of the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, was known as “Judah,” “The House of Judah” or “The Jews.” The capital of the SOUTHERN NATION was Jerusalem. If I had more time, I would quote you the Scriptures which show that this division of the Tribes of Israel into two nations was Divinely Predetermined, Divinely Predicted, Divinely Emphasized, Divinely Maintained, Divinely Accomplished, Divinely Explained and Divinely Approved. The Scriptures show that this division into Two Kingdoms had behind it and controlling it, the fore-ordaining eternal councils of God; and it took place for great, beneficent, well-defined and Divine reasons.

Jeremiah 32:35 “And they built the high places of
Baal, which are in the valley of the son of Hinnom,
to cause their sons and their daughters to pass
through the fire unto Molech; which I commanded
them not, neither came it into my mind, that they
should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.”

In Jeremiah the 3rd chapter, Israel is five times called “Backsliding Israel,” a term never once applied to Judah, and Judah is four times called “Treacherous Judah,” a term not once applied to Israel. I will read you this passage: “And I saw, when for all the causes whereby BACKSLIDING Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also” (Jer 3:8). Ask those who declare that Israel and Judah are the same people to read that passage, analyzing it in the light of their belief. And there are many such passages showing the clear distinction between Israel and Judah. There are more than 2000 references to Israel in the Bible that have no reference whatever to the Jews. On the other hand, there are more than five hundred references to Judah that have no reference to Israel, and yet there are those continually trying to tell us there is no distinction between Israel and Judah, and continually refer to Israel as Jews, and even change the name of Judah to Israel. It is absurd, like using the words America and England interchangeably.

Here is another quotation for them to explain: “Backsliding Israel hath justified herself more than treacherous Judah.” Make Israel and Judah one and the same people referred to, and the statement becomes ridiculous. Many today are evidently unacquainted with the fact that, according to Biblical history, there was not a single “Jew” known as such upon the face of the earth earlier than 600 years after the death of Moses, or about 1500 years after Abraham was born. There were, of course, Hebrews and Israelites long before that time; Abraham and Isaac were Hebrews; but they were neither Israelites nor Jews. The 12 sons of Jacob were Hebrews and Israelites, but they were not Jews. The same may be said of Moses and Aaron, of the people of the Northern Kingdom, of Elijah and Elisha. To avoid confusion over the expression “Israel” it is necessary to determine in which sense it is used in any particular passage, whether it means: (1) The whole of the Twelve Tribes; (2) The House of Judah alone as being a part of the Twelve Tribes; (3) The Ten-Tribed Kingdom.

Ten-Tribed Israel Never Called Jews

Nothing can be more unscriptural than to call all Israelites “Jews”. It is as absurd as calling all Americans Californians. Most Israelites are not Jews because they are descended from the other tribes of Israel. There is just as much reason for calling all Israelites ‘Danites’ or ‘Gadites’ or ‘Ephramites’ as there is for calling them Judahites or Jews. It is just as reasonable to call all Jews ‘Danites’ as it is to call all ‘Danites’ Jews. The term ‘Jew’ is never used until more than a thousand years after Abraham. It appears for the first time in II Kings 16:6, where we are told that the King of Israel, together with the King of Assyria, made war against the King of Judah. Now since in this passage Israel, one Kingdom, made ware against the Jews, another Kingdom, how can they both be the Jews? The Scriptures never once refer to the Ten-Tribed House of Israel as “The Jews;” neither past, present, nor future. The term “The Jews” is never, in God’s Word, applied to the 12 Tribes, collectively, or to the Ten-Tribed House of Israel.

J. H. Allen of California, speaking of this modern confusion which we are discussing writes: “For ecclesiastical writers to ignore the national and racial representative Israelitish names of Joseph, Ephraim, and Samaria, Israel’s capital city, as used in history and prophecy, and to substitute “The Jews” either as a name or as a people, calling them the sole representatives of Israel’s race, is not only the height of ignorance, but THE GREAT ECCLESIASTICAL CRIME OF THE AGES. Truly an enemy hath done this.”

In Jeremiah 13:11, nearly 400 years after the tribes were divided by God into the two kingdoms, “The Whole House of Israel” and “The Whole House of Judah” are both spoken of in the same verse, proving that neither House without the other constitutes all of the Lord’s chosen people. “The Whole House of Judah” are not all of the Lord’s people, and “The Whole House of Israel” are not all of the Lord’s people. It takes “The Whole House of Israel” together with “The Whole House of Judah” to make all of God’s chosen people; and comparatively few of these are Jews. This text proves conclusively that there is a people called the “Whole House of Israel” of which the “Whole House of Judah” is regarded as neither part nor parcel. The Holy Spirit has never either in Biblical history or prophecy, called the 10 Tribed House of Israel “Jews”. They have never been called “Jews” except by uninformed and unscriptural teachers.

Israel Distinct From Judah

Unless we see the distinction between the “House of Israel” and the “House of Judah” from the time of the division till the final and glorious reunion of the Two Houses, which will take place at the end of the “latter days,” the prophecies concerning Israel cannot be understood. From the time of the division into two kingdoms until now, Judah and Israel have remained absolutely distinct. They were carried into captivity separately, at different times and by different nations, because Israel was taken into captivity by the Assyrians, 721 B.C. (II Kings 17:6); while Judah was carried into captivity 133 years later by the Babylonians 588 B.C. (II Kings 25:21). A portion of Judah returned after 70 years, as had been predicted (Ezra 2:1), but Israel never returned, nor was there any prediction that she would return until the final, glorious, restoration in the near future. All the prophecies were written after the division of the tribes into two nations; and these prophecies give the whole future of Israel as entirely distinct from Judah.

The great Jewish historian Josephus, writing from Rome in the year 70 A.D. which was nearly 800 years after Israel was taken into captivity by the Assyrians says: “The entire body of the 10 Tribes are still beyond the Euphrates, an immense multitude not to be estimated by number.” It is estimated that there were 50 million in Israel at the time of the division, and this was 800 years later.

Rev. Canon Faucett M.A. says in his “Critical and Expository Bible Encyclopedia” The idea that the House of Israel has been amalgamated and incorporated with the “Jews,” is one of the most amazing errors in Biblical History.

The prophets write of Israel and Judah still being separate people in “the latter days,” or the days of the Gospel dispensation. In the 37th chapter of Ezekiel is a prophecy yet to be fulfilled. God promising to unite the stick of Joseph, representing the House of Israel with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick in His hand. This and many other Scriptures require that Israel and Judah be kept separate until this union which has not yet taken place.

According to the prophet Hosea, the House of Israel in the last days was to become as the sands of the sea for number, before their reunion with the House of Judah, and their return, representatively, to Palestine (Hosea 1:10, 11). Also Jeremiah writes: “When ye be multiplied and increased in the land in those days… the House of Judah shall walk with the House of Israel and they shall come together out of the land of the north, to the land that I gave for an inheritance unto your Fathers” (Jer. 3:16-18).

In Jeremiah 30:3, 4 we have a prophecy yet to be fulfilled concerning the uniting of the two Houses. Here we read: “For the days come, saith the Lord, that I will bring again the captivity of MY PEOPLE Israel and Judah; and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers and they shall possess it. And these are the words that the Lord spake concerning Israel and concerning Judah.” Here God calls Israel and Judah “My People Israel and Judah.” So if Judah, the Jews, are the people of the Lord, then the Lord has a people besides the Jews whom He calls Israel and who are not counted among the Jews.

Long before the division took place, Moses, while prophesying unto the seed of Jacob, cried out: “Hear, Lord, the voice of Judah and bring him unto his people.” (Deut. 33:7) This plainly shows that Judah was to be separated from his people and finally brought back to them. And the Scriptures tell us that shall not be until at the end of “the last days.”

No Evidence For Amalgamation Theory

Orthodox Jews, even to this day, know that they do not represent the Ten-Tribed House of Israel. On the day of the Feast of Trumpets and on the Day of Atonement, they include in their prayer Jeremiah 31:20, and pray that Ephraim Israel (the Ten-Tribes) may be united with them. If we had time, we could quote from the testimony of Jewish scholars, and from their literature, showing that they know they are not representatives of the Ten-Tribed House of Israel. We have quotations from the “Jewish Encyclopedia,” “The Jewish Religion,” “The Jewish Chronicle,” Rabbi Gershom, Prof. Neubauer, “The History and Literature of the Israelites,” “The Jewish Quarterly Review,” etc. The Rabbi Dr. Hertz, of London, says: “People known at present as Jews are descendants of the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin… we look forward to the gathering of all the Tribes at some future date.” The learned Isaac Leiser says that “The Israelitish nation was left in banishment after the return of the Jews from Babylon.” Professor Neubauer wrote: “The hope of the return of the ten tribes has never ceased among the Jews in exile.” Josephus, a Jew, and loyal to Jewish history and tradition, wrote about 70 A.D. or about 800 years after the captivity of Ten-Tribed Israel as follows: “The 10 Tribes did not return to Palestine; only two Tribes served the Romans after Palestine became a Roman province.”

Jeremiah prophesied that only they who were taken by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon were to return. Then the historical fulfillment of that prophecy must see only a return of those taken to Babylon. Both Ezra and Nehemiah testify to the fact that historically only some of those taken by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon did return (Ezra Chapter 2: Nehemiah Chapter 7).

The return to Palestine of the 10 Tribes at any time in the past is contrary to Kings and Chronicles, contrary to Ezra, Nehemiah, Zechariah, Jerome and Josephus, and to history. In the prophecy that the “Two Sticks,” Judah, and the House of Israel will become “one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one King (the Lord Jesus Christ) shall be King to them all” we have Divine proof that the two Houses are still separate, because Christ is not reigning over them as King at the present time.

In connection with the return of those people who were to become known as “Babylonian Jews” or “Talmudic Jews”, Nehemiah says: “I saw Jews that had married wives of Ashdod, and of Ammon, and of Moab,” (Nehemiah 13:23). Ezra declares the same fact, naming the Hittites as among those with whom marriages were consummated. In Ezra 9:1 – Ezra says “They have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed has mingled themselves with the people of those lands: yea, the hands of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.” You can see how the facial expressions of all the descendants of these intermarriages would differ from that of the pure descendants of Judah.

When Jesus told the Jews in his day that he would go where they could not find Him, though they should seek for Him, the Jews, knowing of Israel still in dispersion, inquired: “Will He go to the dispersed among the Gentiles/Nations? (John 7:35). This passage shows that the Jews knew that the Ten Tribes were still in dispersion among the Nations.

God divided the Abrahamic promises among Jacob’s twelve sons, and when He said through Jacob that Ephraim’s “Seed shall become a multitude of nations.” He was not referring to the Jews who never have or ever will be “a multitude of nations,” God was speaking to the BIRTHRIGHT heirs. The “Nation and a Company of Nations” promised in Gen. 35:11 was a BIRTHRIGHT BLESSING TO BE FULFILLED” in the last days before Christ’s Return (Gen. 49:1) to Joseph and his descendants (I Chron. 5:1), none of which are Jews. In Jer. 31:9, God said, “Ephraim is My firstborn,” and in Gen. 48:19, Jacob said of Ephraim, “His seed shall become a multitude of nations” – just the opposite of what was said of Judah – “He shall become a remnant.” That this promise to Israel was not to Judah is proven by the fact that Judah has never been a multitude of nations, and never will be. And so, more than 2,000 times God refers to Israel when what He says has no more to do with the Jews than with the Germans, or the Italians or the Chinese, or the Russians. On the other hand, the word “Jew” is mentioned 265 times, and in no instance does it refer to the Northern Kingdom of Israel or to any of their descendants.

The Amalgamation Theory Receives No Support From Holy Scripture

The book of Micah plainly teaches that the Jews who “halted” were to become “A remnant,” while Israel “that was cast far off,” was to become “a strong nation” (Micah 4:7). The bringing together of these “two families” is to be associated with the Kingdom-Age. Till then, they would be separate. Some errors are slow in dying but this amalgamation-assumption which falsifies hundreds of Scriptures is now only lingering upon its death bed.

It is important to notice that neither the Major nor the Minor Prophets appear in the Old Testament until about 200 years after the division of the Twelve Tribes into two nations. What then did they find was the condition of God’s chosen race? Was there any sign of amalgamation among them? Not a scintilla. The prophets found them still divided into two nations; as separate as France and Italy, or Britain and America. They had separate Kings, separate administrations, separate national alliances, and of course, separate national titles. The National title of the Ten Tribes was “Israel,” or “Ephraim,” because the Tribe of Ephraim had become the Tribe of the Birthright owing to the sin of Reuben. We have seen that the national title of the other two tribes was “Judah,” a remnant of which were later called “The Babylonian Jews.”

It was during this state of affairs that the prophets commenced their ministry – some residing in the territory of Israel, and others in that of Judah. The Prophets addressed these two nations by the names that God gave them – “Israel” being the title which the Northern Nation had decided to retain; and “Judah” being the title which the Southern Nation had decided to assume. Hence we find that all through their writings, whether of warning, of rebuking, or directing, or consoling; and whether their words were historical or prophetical, the prophets recognized the separate condition of the Two Nations, and accordingly addressed them by their chosen and well-known national titles.

Ten Tribed Israel a Non-Jewish People

The separation into the Two Nations took place many years before any of the major or minor prophets wrote; therefore, the “Israel” known to Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, the minor prophets, our Lord, the evangelists, and the apostles, had no Tribe of Judah in it. Israel, as known to all of these writers, had no so-called Jews. Israel has remained a Jew-free people to this day. The amalgamation theory is hopelessly discredited in the presence of the Bible. The closing books of Bible history leave Israel and Judah in separation from each other, while Bible prophecy keeps them separated until reconciled and united in the end times, and are dwelling representatively in the Holy Land under the personal reign of the Lord Jesus Christ, their welcomed and Crowned Messiah.

Hosea’s statement that Israel shall be “as the sand of the sea which cannot be measured nor numbered” is not made concerning Judah (Hosea 1:10). In the first chapter we read “Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.” Did the two nations of captives “gather together” and amalgamate while in the land of their captivities? Did they “together appoint themselves one head” when the small, mostly race-mixed remnant of Judah returned from Babylon? Both Ezra and Nehemiah, who were the historians of the Babylonian return, inform us that this was not the case.

That this uniting of Judah and Israel did not take place when the remnant of Judah returned after the Babylonian captivity, is clearly proved by Jeremiah’s prophecy in the third chapter where we are told that “The House of Judah shall walk with the House of Israel and they shall come together out of the land of the North to the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers” (Jer. 3:18). Nothing like this has yet taken place. The 17th verse of this chapter shows us that when Israel and Judah unite, Jerusalem will be so fully under Divine truth and influence that she will be called “The Throne of Yahweh.” This shows us that this uniting of the Two Houses has not yet taken place, and when it does it will not be a Jewish Nation. It will be the Israel Nation.

Of this reunion of Israel and Judah, Jeremiah in the 50th chapter and 4th verse says, “In those days, and in that time, saith the Lord, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together: They shall go on their way weeping, and shall seek the Lord their God.” It was not in “the former days” but at the end of “the latter days” [after the “seven times” or 2520 years punishment of both Houses has run out] that this is prophesied to take place; and if Israel is already amalgamated with Judah – this and other prophecies can never be fulfilled. Jeremiah goes on to say in the 20th verse, “In those days, and in that time, saith the Lord, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found; for I will pardon them whom I leave as a remnant.” We all know that such a return and union of Israel and Judah has never yet taken place.

Return “Together Out of the Land of the North”

According to the amalgamation theory, which has no support of the Scripture, Israel would have gone south to join Judah instead of Judah going north to join Israel for Jeremiah says “In those days, The House of Judah shall walk with the House of Israel, and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers.” We know that this has never yet happened. This is not true even of Judah’s return from Babylon. They returned from the south. When Israel and Judah become “one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel, they are to have one King and be no more two nations” says Ezekiel (37:22). That this uniting of Israel and Judah was not in the past is again proven by the fact that the Jews have never had a King since they went into Babylonian captivity. As a matter of undeniable fact, there never has been, to this very day, a Davidic King reigning in the Holy Land from the year B.C. 586, when the temple was destroyed, and the House of Judah was carried away captive to Babylon. Anyhow it was not of any human monarch that Ezekiel wrote when his prophetic vision spanned the gulf of ages, and he beheld the glories of the Crowned Redeemer and of His ransomed, restored, and united Israel. Ezekiel had reference to Him of whose Second Coming we read; “And He hath on His vesture and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS” (Rev. 19:16).

And then, I ask, did the returned captives abide in the land “forever”? The prophet tells us that when Israel and Judah are reunited, their descendants were to be in perpetual occupation of the land. We know that this has never taken place because the mongrelized Babylonian Jews were suddenly driven out in A.D. 70, and have been wanderers for 18 centuries. This shows again that the Ten Tribes did not go back with the remnant of Judah when they returned from Babylon.

Jerome was one of the most eminent of the early fathers of the Church. He wrote, in the 4th century, which was more than a thousand years after Ten Tribed Israel went into captivity as follows: “Unto this day, the ten Tribes are subject to the Kings of Persia” — “The Ten Tribes inhabit at this day the cities and mountains of the Medes.” He knew that Israel had not returned to Judah, that the ten tribes were still separated from the Jews.

Ezra, in the 2nd chapter and the 1st verse, shows us that those who returned to Jerusalem were all from one “province.” This word is in the singular. This is proof that the House of Israel who were captive not in this “province,” but in another country, did not return.

In the book of Ezra, which mentions the two tribes that returned, none of the Ten Tribes were listed. And in the book of Nehemiah, which says that only Judah and Benjamin returned, none of the ten tribes are mentioned.

In Zechariah the 10th chapter, which was written 18 years after the “Jews” had returned from Babylon, the prophet shows that when he wrote, the Two Houses of Israel and Judah were still separate. And then all His prophecies concerning Israel require that they shall be kept separate from Judah as a people until their future uniting. On page 500 of the Scofield Bible, Scofield says, “The two Kingdoms are to be reunited in the future Kingdom” and then cites a number of Scriptures to prove the assertion.

The amalgamation-theory is hopeless. It is a mere assumption. All who hold that theory will have to abandon it if they follow the testimony of Holy Scripture. If they adhere to their theory they will be in conflict with the Word of God, and with all the historical facts. Their theory breaks down at every point. None of those who hold that Israel was amalgamated with the Jews can tell you when the amalgamation took place. Just so the Scriptures, which require that Israel shall be a great military power in the last days, cannot be applied to the Jews; and they are not applicable to Israel during the Millennium when there will be no wars. These promises are pre-millennial, and not consistent with millennial times.

The many Scriptures also which require that Israel in these last days shall be a maritime people “whose seed shall be in many waters” cannot be applied to the Jews; but they apply perfectly to Isaac’s descendants to whom the promises were made.

Thus, you see that if we were to discuss each of the hundreds of Bible references to Israel as distinct from the Jews, it would furnish matter for a large volume.

In the authorized daily prayer book of the United Hebrew Congregation of the British Empire, there are three prayers which they pray for Israel as distinct from themselves. They pray both for “Judah” and “Israel.” In one of these prayers they speak of Ephraim-Israel as “our brethren.”

In this discussion over the air, we have given you but a small part of the Biblical and historical proof of the distinction between Israel and Judah. We have scarcely touched upon the many wonderful prophecies concerning “Israel” which have no reference to the Jews, nor upon those relating to “Judah” which have no reference to Israel. To discuss these even briefly would furnish material for a good sized book.

For instance, to apply to the Jews the many Scriptures which require that the descendants of Ephraim shall be “a multitude (or Commonwealth) of Nations” (Gen. 48:19) in these “last days,” before the union of the Two Houses, Judah and Israel, would be equivalent to saying that the only “Commonwealth of Nations” on earth today are Jews. The Anglo-Israel Nations are Isaac’s sons or Saxons, but they are not Jews. Only one of the twelve Tribes are descendants of Judah. The Promise of “A Multitude of Nations” was made to Ephraim, not to Judah.

Again, Gen. 48:19 shows us that two great rival nations were to spring from Joseph “in the last days.” To insist on applying this Scripture to the Jews, is equivalent to calling these great rival nations Jews.

Publisher’s note: Among many modern day Bible teachers there is a lack of proper understanding concerning the distinction between the House of Israel and the House of Judah. As a result of this wrong historical understanding, the popular theory of “Dispensationalism” has created a false “rapture” doctrine and a misguided Zionist allegiance among millions of supposedly God’s people.