Sythians and the Scotts. The Declaration of Arbroath — From the Scythians emerged a portion of the settlers of British Isles in Celtic times as well as those who came later with the Anglo-Saxon invasions. The Scottish and part of the Irish also had traditions that they descended from the Scythians.
The Scots were also known as Scithae, Scitae, Scuitae and Scotae to the old writers… the Greeks called the Scythians Skuthes,..
According to ‘The Descent of the Gaels’ by James Grant, an Edinburgh Advocate, and published in 1814, the early Scots were known as Scyths. That, according to Grant, was the confirmed opinion of such old Roman writers as Radulphus,Claudian, Isidore and others. This particular Gaelic branch of the Celtic incomers is supposed to have come direct to Scotland through Scandinavia, and acquired the designation of Scyths because they were nomads, wanderers, without a settled home. (McCormick, J . ‘The Origin of the Scots’. The Covenant People, Vancouver, c1960: 2-3)
By 1320 CE the Scottish had concluded a successful war against England. They issued a declaration of Independence in the form of a letter to the Pope. This is known as The Declaration of Arbroath. The original was written in Latin.
Here are extracts from an English Translation:
” Most Holy Father and Lord, we know and from the chronicles and books of the ancients we find that among other famous nations our own, the Scots, has been graced with widespread renown. They journeyed from Greater Scythia by way of the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Pillars of Hercules, and dwelt for a long course of time in Spain among the most savage tribes, but nowhere could they be subdued by any race, however barbarous. Thence they came, twelve hundred years after the people of Israel crossed the Red Sea, to their home in the west where they still live today. The Britons they first drove out, the Picts they utterly destroyed, and, even though very often assailed by the Norwegians, the Danes and the English, they took possession of that home with many victories and untold efforts; and, as the historians of old time bear witness, they have held it free of all bondage ever since. In their kingdom there have reigned one hundred and thirteen kings of their own royal stock, the line unbroken by a single foreigner. “